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What To Do If You Receive A Medicaid Fraud Subpoena In Georgia

medicaid fraudThe Georgia Medicaid Fraud Control Unit (MFCU) investigates and prosecutes fraud and abuse by providers in the Georgia Medicaid program.  One of the first steps MFCU takes when it opens up a case against a provider is often the issuance of an investigative subpoena, requesting specific patient records.

Often the provider has already been looked at by the Georgia Department of Community Health’s Medicaid Program Integrity Unit which handles intake and triage of cases before turning them over to MFCU. In other words, the provider has somehow managed to get on the State’s radar, and it is serious.

Please keep the following in mind if you receive a Medicaid Fraud subpoena:

1. CALL AN EXPERIENCED HEALTHCARE FRAUD ATTORNEY. This is a highly specialized area of the law, and you need someone to represent you that has experience both in defending criminal matters AND in healthcare law. This area of law is like a hybrid car. Just like it takes gas and electric batteries to power a hybrid car, it takes knowledge of criminal and healthcare law to successfully represent a provider facing a Medicaid fraud investigation.

2. Call an attorney BEFORE you respond to the subpoena or talk to an investigator.

3. Remember: the Investigator is NOT your friend. They are doing a job, and their job is find evidence against you. We recently represented a client who was complying with a subpoena from MFCU. Five investigators showed up to get the documents. Since there was no threat of an armed suspect, one can only guess that the use of five investigators to collect documents had to be an intimidation tactic. Likewise, these investigators tried desperately to butter up the employees to get them to talk, and this was with an attorney standing there. Remember: the investigator is NOT your friend.

4. Be Polite and cooperative. If your attorney determines that the subpoena is lawful and enforceable, you have to turn over the documents requested. This can be quite labor- intensive, but you must comply and polite cooperation can only help you in establishing the tone for whatever next steps will be taken.

5. Make copies of every document and electronic file you turnover to MFCU PRIOR to turning them over.

6. DO NOT provide MFCU with anything more than what they have requested in the subpoena- not one document more. And remember, they are only entitled to the records of Medicaid members.

7. Neither you nor your employees are required to speak with the investigator unless individually subpoenaed. Have an attorney present during any interviews.

8. Don’t panic. While a MFCU subpoena should be taken seriously, in Georgia, in 2014, there were 410 Medicaid Fraud Investigations. Of those investigations, only 4 led to indictment.1 The math indicates that MFCU investigates often but indicts with much less frequency.

If you are receive a subpoena from the Georgia Medicaid Fraud Unit, Jeyaram & Associates can help. Contact Kimberly Sheridan at ksheridan@Jeylaw.com or 678.325.3872.